The concept of risk factors for health and its interpretation in foreign sociology

Full Text

Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


The approaches to concept of health “risk factors” and its interpretation in works of different sociologists are found out on the basis of foreign sociological literature. Two main tendencies in considering of this issue are marked out - priority of unhealthy forms of behavior and unfavorable conditions of environment. The critical evaluation of this trends is given in context of their subjective objective character.

Full Text

Restricted Access

About the authors

D. A Izutkin

Nizhniy Novgorod state medical academy

Author for correspondence.
603005 Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia


  1. Тульчинский Т.Х., Варавикова Е.А. Новое общественное здравоохранение. Введение в современную науку. Иерусалим; 1999.
  2. Решетников А.В. Социология медицины: Руководство. М.: ГЭОТАР-Медиа; 2010.
  3. Doll R., Hill A.B. Smoking and carcinoma of the lung: Preliminary report. Br. Med. J. 1950; 2: 739-748.
  4. Lalonde M.A. A New Perspective on the Health of Canadians. Ottawa: Government of Canada; 1974.
  5. Susser M., Susser E. Choosing a future for epidemiology: Eras and Paradigms. Am. J. Publ. Hlth. 1996; 86 (5): 668-73.
  6. Coreil J., Jeffrey S.L. A critique of the life style concept in public health education. Int. Quart. Commun. Hlth Educ. 1985; 5: 103-14.
  7. Levin L.S. Every silver lining has a cloud: The limits of health promotion. Social Policy. 1987; 27: 57-60.
  8. Wikler D. Who should be blamed for being sick? Hlth Educ. Quart. 1987; 14: 11-25.
  9. McKinlay J.B. The promotion of health through planned sociopolitical change: Chal lenges for research and policy. Social Sci. Med. 1993; 2: 109-17.
  10. Becker M.H. The health belief model and personal health behavior. Hlth Educ. Monogr. 1974; 2: 324-508.
  11. Becker M.H. Models of health related behavior. In: Becker M.H., Maiman I.A., Mechanic D. (Eds). Handbook of Health Care and the Health Professions. New York: Free Press; 1983: 539-68.
  12. Kaplan R.M. Behavioral epidemiology, health promotion, and health services. Med. Care. 1985; 23: 564-83.
  13. Gunning-Schepers L., Hagen J.H. Avoidable burden of illness: How much can prevention contribute to health? Soc. Sci. Med. 1987; 24: 945-51.
  14. Freudeberg N. Health education for social change: A Strategy for public health in the U.S. Int. J. Hlth Educ. 1981; 24: 138-45.
  15. Slater C., Carlton B. Behavior, lifestyle, and socioeconomic variables as determinants of health status: Implications for health policy development. Am. J. Prevent. Med. 1985; 1: 25-33.
  16. Brown E.R., Glen E.M. Health education: can the reformers be reformed? Int. J. Hlth Serv. 1978; 8: 3-26.
  17. Alonzo A.A. Health as situational adaptation: A social psychological perspective. Soc. Sci. Med. 1985; 21: 1341-4.
  18. Gillick M.R. Health promotion, jogging and the pursuit of the moral life. J. Hlth Politics, Policy, Law. 1984; 9: 369-87.
  19. Barsky A.J. The paradox of health. N. Eng. J. Med. 1988; 318: 414-8.
  20. Mechanic D., Clearly D. Factors associated with the maintenance of positive health behavior. Prevent. Med. 1980; 6: 805-14.
  21. Mechanic D. Issues in health promotion. Soc. Sci. Med. 1999; 48: 711-8.



Abstract: 115

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Eco-Vector

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies