Motivational factors of professional self-determinationof grade 10–11 students of medical orientation in moscow

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Abstract

The article presents the results of a medical and sociological study of the professional orientation and motivation for higher medical education among pre-professional medical orientation students (grades 10–11) in Moscow. Most students consider being a medical doctor a prestigious profession and were proud of their choice–their most significant motivation for choosing their future field of activity is their desire to become a doctor and an outstanding specialist in their chosen field. The analysis of independent efforts of high school students to improve their knowledge of specialized subjects, which is required for admission to a medical university, generally reflects their high level of motivation to become successful. This is confirmed by the wide range of training received by respondents, the most popular among which are self-training, attending additional classes at school, and training with the help of professionals, such as tutors.

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About the authors

Andrey V. Reshetnikov

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: reshetnikov_a_v@staff.sechenov.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9413-4859
Scopus Author ID: 6602355371

The academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the doctor of medical sciences, the doctor of sociological sciences, professor

Russian Federation, 119021, Moscow, Rossolimo St., 11, building 2

Tatyana M. Litvinova

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University)

Email: litvinova_t_m_1@staff.sechenov.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0820-0755
Scopus Author ID: 57197712001

Candidate of pharmaceutical sciences, associate professor, Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs

Russian Federation, 119021, Moscow, Rossolimo St., 11, building 2

Nadezhda V. Prisyazhnaya

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University)

Email: prisyazhnaya_n_v@staff.sechenov.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5251-130X
Scopus Author ID: 23089112600
ResearcherId: N-2926-2019

Candidate of sociological sciences, deputy director for scientific work of Institute of social sciences

Russian Federation, 119021, Moscow, Rossolimo St., 11, building 2

Sergey V. Pavlov

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University)

Email: pavlov_s_v@staff.sechenov.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3173-9097
Scopus Author ID: 57204842028

The senior teacher of department of sociology of medicine, economy of health care and medical insurance of Institute of social sciences

Russian Federation, 119021, Moscow, Rossolimo St., 11, building 2

Nadezhda Yu. Vyatkina

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University)

Email: vyatkina_n_yu@staff.sechenov.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3647-0066
Scopus Author ID: 57217076855

The assistant of department of sociology of medicine, economy of health care and medical insurance of Institute of social sciences

Russian Federation, 119021, Moscow, Rossolimo St., 11, building 2

Natalia S. Andriutsa

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University)

Email: andriutsa_n_s@staff.sechenov.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5425-7707
Scopus Author ID: 57207686761

Candidate of medical sciences, associate professor, associate professor of the Department of Pathophysiology of the Institute of Biodesign and Modeling of Complex Systems

Russian Federation, 119021, Moscow, Rossolimo St., 11, building 2

References

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  4. Mettini E, Prisyazhnaya NV. Health and human capital: on the issue of social well-being of population. Sotsiologiya meditsiny. 2016;15(2):73–79. doi: 10.18821/1728-2810-2016-15-2-73-79
  5. Shurupova RV. Professional development of a doctor: the choice of strategies and the specifics of the professionalization process. Sechenovskii vestnik. 2012;(2):46-51.
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  7. Sanfey HA, Saalwachter-Schulman AR, Nyhof-Young JM, et al. Influences on medical student career choice: gender or generation? Arch Surg. 2006;141(11):1086–1094. doi: 10.1001/archsurg.141.11.1086
  8. Selivanova ZK. Life goals and professional preferences of older adolescents. Sotsiol Issled. 2017;(5):51-56.
  9. Lyubyagina OA. Modeling the system of preparing high school students for professional self-determination. Obrazovanie i samorazvitie. 2012;(6):21-27.
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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
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1. The main motivational factors of choosing a future profession by schoolchildren ( % , n = 1173)

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2. Distribution of respondents ' opinions on the sufficiency of the knowledge provided within the curriculum of the profile class for admission to the university (%, the question provided for the possibility of choosing several answer options, n = 1200)

Download (127KB)

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